Here's a Cliff's Notes version to the moons of the year:
December: Cold Moon or Long Nights Moon (no explanation necessary if you live in a northern climate).
January: Wolf Moon (supposedly named for the howling of cold and hungry wolves)
February: Snow Moon or Hunger Moon (self explanatory)
March: Worm Moon or Crow Moon or Sap Moon (worm casts appear in March, a harbinger of Robins to come, Crows "caw" and the sap starts flowing in the trees).
April: Pink Moon (not the color - the flower; moss Pink, which is a ground Phlox).
May: Flower Moon (self explanatory).
June: Strawberry Moon (again, self explanatory).
July: Buck Moon or Thunder Moon (July is when male deer start getting their antlers).
August: Sturgeon Moon (Sturgeon were most readily caught in August).
September: Harvest Moon
October: Hunter Moon (deer are fat and crops are in, so let's go hunting).